Equality Now 2.0
From 21.04.2022 till 29.04.2022 youth workers, youth leader and representatives of civil society from Italy, Greece, Germany, Spain, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia gathered in Bakuriani, Georgia, to discuss gender equality in Europe and the Eastern Partnership countries.
Breaking up the binary
Approaching the topic of gender equality from a Feminist perspective, we de-constructed the gender binary in a first step: Why are distinguishing everything into male and female? What do these categories actually mean in each of our societal, political and cultural understandings? And are there really only two genders?
Both in activist discourses, academia and medicine this idea is strongly contested: The binary view of sex and gender is failing to understand their complexity.
"Even the biological categories of male and female are blurred; we know today that not just the X and Y chromosomes but at least 12 others across the human genome govern sex differentiation, and at least 30 genes are involved in sex development."
--Simona Giordano, Director of Medical Ethics, Manchester University Medical School
Even in comparing our different national contexts, a certain concept appeared in Germany, Italy, Spain, Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Armenia: Toxic Masculinity.
Toxic masculinity does not mean being or behaving like a men, but describes the extreme pressure people feel to be 'masculine' that is harmful in many ways. According to Thomson and Pleck (1996), toxic masculines encompasses three main aspects:
Toughness: This is the notion that men should be physically strong, emotionally callous, and behaviorally aggressive.
Antifeminity: This involves the idea that men should reject anything that is considered to be feminine, such as showing emotion or accepting help.
Power: This is the assumption that men must work toward obtaining power and status (social and financial) so they can gain the respect of others
Promoting Gender Equality
The main question emerged: What do we do now? After reflecting, discussing and analyzing gender inequalities and their effects, our participants became eager to change something.
So we developed several youth work methods and social media strategies, how we can reach out local communities and especially youths to finally break gender stereotypes and to promote gender equality legally, economically and socially. Keep updated on our social media pages! We will publish our results soon...
Presentations and Material of the Training Course
Understanding Gender: https://genderspectrum.org/articles/understanding-gender
Introduction to Gender Inequality: https://www.open.edu/openlearncreate/mod/oucontent/view.php?id=133060§ion=1
Methods and Tools to promote gender equality: https://eige.europa.eu/gender-mainstreaming/methods-tools
Misogyny in politics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sl1v4VOLj2Q
Toxic Masculinity: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/toxic-masculinity
Introduction into intersexuality: https://isna.org/faq/what_is_intersex/
Date Rape: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69ltuCzG5f4